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Project Islam: Part 2

The Advent Of The Qur'an
The Qur'an is the Final Book of Revelations from Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta'aala. It confirms, continues and concludes the earlier Revelations, consisting of
a) The Torah
b) The Books of The Prophets
c) The Psalms of David
d) The Gospels.
The descent of the Last Revelations began during the ninth month of the Islamic Calendar, namely: Ramadhan. The Qur'an was revealed gradually, and took a period of 23 years for completion. It is uniquely different from any other book or text, in that it remains unaltered and unchanged, entirely uncorrupted. So that the Book present before us today, is the identical Book which was granted to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) - who is the Last Messenger. Thus, the Divine Act of Revelation concluded with the Qur'an, and the Holy office of Prophethood was permanently sealed with the Prophet Muhammad.
As the Qur'an first began to be revealed during the 9th month of Ramadhan, this blessed occassion is commemorated with fasting. Fasting takes place throughout the 29 or 30 days of Ramadhan, from dawn till dusk. As the Islamic Calendar is Lunar and not Solar, Ramadhan rotates throughout the year. That is to say, it moves through the four Seasons, from spring to summer, through to autumn and winter. It is by these means that believers who fast experience the hardships and difficulties of hunger in both warm and cold climes, in short days as well as long. Thus, they comprehend something of the suffering of poor people, whilst at the same time striving to be purified of all sinful traits, such as greed, selfishness and self-indulgence.
Remembering and being deeply thankful for all the blessings of Allah SWT, as well as giving as much as possible in charitable donations, combine to engender in the heart a sense of piety and nearness to The Lord of Majesty and Bounty - Dhu-L-Jalaali Wa-L-Ikram.


In The Name Of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful
Surah 2 Al-Baqarah, Verses 183-185
O you who have attained to Faith! Fasting is ordained for you as it was ordained for those before you, so that you may remain conscious of Allah:
(fasting) during a certain number of days. But whoever of you is ill, or on a journey, (shall fast instead for the same) number of other days; and (in such cases) it is incumbent upon those who can afford it to make sacrifice by feeding a needy person.
and whoever does more good than he is bound to do does good to himself thereby; for to fast is to do good to yourselves - if you but knew it.
It was the month of Ramadhan in which the Qur'an was (first) bestowed from on high as a Guidance to mankind and a self-evident proof of that guidance, and as the Standard by which to discern the true from the false. Hence, whoever of you witnesses this month shall fast throughout it; but he that is ill, or on a journey, (shall fast instead for the same) number of other days. Allah wills that you shall have ease, and does not will you to suffer hardship; but (HE desires) that you complete the number (of days required), and that you extol Allah for HIS having guided you aright, and that you render your thanks (to HIM).

And Allah SWT Knows Best - Wa Llahu 'Alam

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