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The Advent Of 'Isa Pt2

The Prophet (pbuh) of Allah SWT made Du'aa for Abu Hurayrah - he himself narrates:
I said to Allah's Apostle "I hear many narrations (Ahaadeeth) from you but I forget them." Allah's Apostle said, "Spread your Rida' - garment." I did accordingly and then he moved his hands as if filling them with something - and emptied them in my Rida' and then said, "Take and wrap this sheet over your body." I did it and after that I never forgot any thing."

Thus, according to Abu Hurayrah his reports are absolutely authentic - because he said so. Fortunately, we do not rely or depend upon Al-Hadeeth to substantiate itself - we examine everything relating to the Religion of Islam in the light of Al-Qur'an. 

In this piece I intend to quote those Ayaat which employ the same word used in relation to 'Isa's death. Dictionary definitions of key Arabic words have been included in order to provide additional insights.

Surah 3 Al-'Imran, Verse 55
Recall when Allah said : "O Isa, surely I shall make you die - INNI MUTAWAFFEEKA - and am lifting you to ME - WA RAAFI'UKA ILAYYA - and am cleansing you from those who disbelieve, and shall place those who follow you above those who deny you till the Day of Judgement ; then to ME shall be the return of you all ; then I shall decide between you concerning that in which you have been differing.


The word MUTAWAFFAN - which appears in the above Ayah - means:
deceased,
dead.


RAFA' means:
to lift
raise aloft
also -
to raise in esteem
to make high or higher
to elevate
to exalt
to enhance
to promote

Thus, this "raising" in the context of the Ayah about Jesus simply mean that Allah SWT exalted him to HIS Presence. Further examples of Ayaat in which RAFA' is employed -

Surah 19 Maryam, Verses 56-57
And call to mind, through this Divine Writ, Idrees. Behold, he was a man of truth, a Prophet.
whom WE exalted - RAFA'NAAHU - onto a lofty station

Surah 7 Al-A'raaf, Verse 176 -
And if WE had Willed we would have exalted him - LA-RAFA'NAAHU - with these Signs, but he clung to the earth and followed his vain desires..

The word RAFA' which is employed in Al-Qur'an does not mean a physical lifting, it means being honoured by Allah SWT and attaining dignity/nobility in HIS Sight.


Surah 5 Al-Maa'idah, Verse 116
Recall when Allah will say: " O Jesus, son of Maryam! Was it you who said to the people: "Take me and my Mother as two gods besides Allah?"
Jesus will say: "Hallowed by YOU; it was not for me to say that to which I had no right; had I said it, YOU were sure to know it. YOU Know what is in my mind, and I do not know what is in YOUR mind. Verily, YOU, only YOU are the Great Knower of things hidden.

Verse 117,
"I said not to them aught save what YOU bade me: worship Allah, Lord of me and Lord of you. I was a witness over them so long as I abode among them then when YOU took me up - TAWAFFAYTANI - YOU have been the Watcher, and YOU are a Witness over everything."


The word TUWUFFIYA means:
to die.

Additional Verses in which this word is found - in all cases referring to death.

Surah 2 Al-Baqarah, Verse 234
And as for those of you who die - YUTAWAFFAONA - and leave wives behind, they shall keep themselves in waiting for four months and ten days. Then when they have attained their period, there is no blame on you for what they do with themselves honourably. Allah is Aware of whatever you do.

Verse 240
And those who die - YUTAWAFFAONA - and leave wives, they shall make a bequest to their wives a year's maintenance without their having to go out; then if they go out there is no blame on you for what they may do with themselves honourably, and Allah is Mighty, Wise.

Surah 3 Al-'Imran, Verse 193
Our Lord! Verily we! We have heard a caller calling to belief: believe in your Lord, so we have come to believe Our Lord, Forgive us our sins, and expiate from us misdeeds and let us die - TAWAFFANAA - along with the pious.

Surah 4 An-Nisaa, Verse 15
As for those of your women who may commit whoredom, call against them four witnesses from among you; then if they testify, confine them to their houses, till death completes their terms of life - YATAWAFFAAHUNNA AL-MAUT - or Allah appoints for them some other way.

Surah 7 Al-A'raaf, Verse 37
Who does greater wrong than he who fabricates a lie against Allah or belies HIS Signs? For these! Their full portion from the Book shall reach them until when OUR Messengers come to them causing them to die - YATAWAFFAONAHUM - and say "Where is that which you were wont to call upon beside Allah?" These will say "They have strayed from us" And they will testify against themselves that they have been infidels.

Verse 126
And what is it that for which you take vengeance on us save that we believed in the Signs of our Sustainer when they came to us. Our Sustainer! Pour out on us perseverence and cause us to die - TAWAFFANAA - as Muslims.

Surah 10 Yunus, Verse 104
Qul: O men! If you are in doubt concerning my Religion, then I worship not those you worship besides Allah, but I worship Allah Who causes you to die - YATAWAFFAKUM - and I am Commanded that I should be of the believers.

Surah 12 Yusuf, Verse 101
"My Lord! You have given me of the dominion, and taught me of the interpretation of discourse, Creator of the heavens and earth! You are my Patron in the world and the Hereafter. Make me die - TAWAFFANI - a Muslim and join me with the righteous"

Surah 13 Ar-Ra'd, Verse 40
But whether WE let you see (in your lifetime, O Prophet, the fulfillment of) some of what WE have Promised them, or whether WE cause you to die - NATAWAFFAYANNAKA - your duty is no more than to deliver the Message; and the Reckoning is OURS.

Surah 16 An-Nahl, Verse 28
Those whom the Angels cause to die - TATAWAFFAAHUM - while they are wronging themselves, and only then they proffer submission; we have not been working any evil. Yea! Allah is The Knower of what they have been doing.

Verse 32
Those whom the Angels gather in death - TATAWAFFAAHUM - while they are in a state of inner purity, greeting them thus "Salaamun Alaykum. Enter Paradise by virtue of what you were doing (in life)"

Verse 70
And Allah has created you, and in time will cause you to die - YATAWAFFAAKUM - and many a one of you is reduced in old age to a most abject state, ceasing to know anything of what he once knew so well. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, Infinite in HIS Power!

Surah 22 Al-Hajj, Verse 5
O Mankind! If you be in doubt respecting Resurrection, then know that WE have created you of the dust, then of a drop, then of a clot, then of a piece of flesh, fashioned and unfashioned, that WE Might manifest to you OUR Power. And WE settle into the wombs what WE Will for a term determined. Then WE bring you forth as babies, then WE let you reach maturity. And of you is he who dies early - YUTAWAFFAA - and of you he who is brought back to the most abject state, so that after knowing he knows not aught. And you see the earth withered up, and when WE send down on it water, it stirs and swells and grows all manner of luxuriant growth.

Surah 32 As-Sajdah, Verse 11
Qul: The Angel of Death who is set over you shall cause you to die - YATAWAFFAAKUM MALAK-UL-MAUT - thereafter you shall be returned to your Lord.

Surah 39 Az-Zumar, Verse 42
It is Allah WHO causes all human beings to die - YATAWAFFAA - at the time of their (bodily) death, and (causes to be as dead) during their sleep, those who have not yet died: thus, HE withholds (from life) those upon whom HE has decreed death, and lets the others go free for a term set (by HIM) In this behold, there are Messages indeed for people who think!

Surah 40 Ghaafir, Verse 67
HE it is WHO created you of dust, and then of a drop, and then of a clot, and then HE brings you forth as an infant, and then HE Ordains that you attain your full strength, and then that you become old men though some of you die - YUTAWAFFAA - earlier and that you attain the appointed term; and that haply you may reflect.

Verse 77
Wherefore be steadfast you; verily the Promise of Allah is True. Then whether WE let you see a portion of what WE have promised them, or whether WE cause you to die - NATAWAFFAYANNAKA - to US they all will be returned.

Surah 47 Muhammad, Verse 27
How then shall it be, when the Angels shall take them away at death - TAWAFFATHUM - striking their faces and their backs?


The following Ayah employing the same word but referring to the death-like state which sleep induces -

Surah 6 Al-An'aam, Verse 60
And HE it is WHO causes you to be (like) dead - YATAWAFFAAKUM - at night, and knows what you work in daytime; and HE brings you back to life each day in order that a term set (by HIM) be fulfilled. In the end, to HIM you must return: and then HE Will make you understand all that you were doing (in life)


The Prophet Muhammad utters what he is Commanded to - nothing more nor less than that:

Surah 21 Al-Anbiya, Verse 45
Qul: I warn you only by the Revelation. But the deaf will not hear the call (even) when they are warned.

Allah SWT's Question is most pertinent -

Surah 77 Al-Mursalaat, Verse 50
In what other tiding - Hadeeth - then, will they, after this, believe?


Allahu 'Alam.


Translations from: "The Message Of The Qur'an" by Muhammad Asad;
"The Glorious Qur'an" by 'Abdul Majid Daryabadi

Dictionary definitions from: "A Dictionary Of Modern Written Arabic" by Hans Wehr, Edited by J. Milton Cowan.

 
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