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Al-Qur'an Al-Hakeem

Bismi-Llah -Ir-Rahman-Ir-Raheem
In - or With - the Name of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful.

The 'Arabic word Qur'an literally means "recital" or "discourse" and is derived from the root verb Qara'a . Al-Qur'an means "The Recitation" - Al-Kitaab is a direct address to Mankind through the Last Messenger, Muhammad (pbuh) It represents a narrative of continuity whilst at the same time closing permanently the Books of Revelation. Therefore, Al-Qur'an is the Final Testament. In accordance with the Way of Allah SWT - Sunnat-Allah - HE informs the recipients of HIS Message that it is indeed, and in truth, from none but HIM.

Surah 39 Az-Zumar, Verse 1
The Revelation of this Book - Al-Kitaab - is from Allah, The Almighty, The All-Wise.

Surah 40 Ghaafir, Verse 2
The Revelation of Al-Kitaab is from Allah, The Almighty, The All-Knower.

Surah 41 Al-Fussilat, Verse 2
This is Revelation from Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful.

The supreme importance of comprehending Al-Qur'an in the language in which it was Revealed - ie., 'Arabic - cannot be emphasised enough. All translations, interpretations, explanations are bound, by their very nature, to be subjective - no matter how excellent or detailed they may be. Nothing compares with the beautiful perfection and exalted language of Al-Qur'an -

Surah 14 Abraham, Verse 4
And never have WE sent forth any apostle otherwise than (with a message) in his own people's tongue, so that he might make (the truth) clear to them; but Allah lets go astray him that wills (to go astray) and guides him that wills (to be guided) for, HE Alone is Almighty, Truly Wise.

Surah 26 Ash-Shu'araa, Verses 192-196
Verily it is a Revelation of the Lord of the Worlds.
The Trusted Spirit has brought it down;
Upon your heart, that you may be of the Warners.
In plain Arabic speech.
And indeed it is in the Scriptures of the Ancients.

Surah 41 Al-Fussilat, Verse 3
A Book whereof the Verses are detailed an Arabic Qur'an for a people who know.

Surah 42 Ash-Shura, Verse 7
And thus have WE Revealed to you Al-Qur'an in Arabic, that you may warn thereby the Mother-Town and those around it, and that you may warn them of a Day of Assembling whereof there is no doubt. And of Mankind a party will be in the Garden, and a party in the Blaze.

Surah 43 Az-Zukhruf, Verse 3
Verily WE! WE have made it an Arabic Qur'an that haply you may reflect.

Verse 28
And the Arabic Qur'an, without any crookedness, that haply they may fear.

Qara'a means -
to recite
to study

Iqra is the imperative of the verb. The imperative form of address is employed throughout Al-Qur'an in order to stress the great necessity of listening to and arriving at comprehension of the Commands of Allah SWT -

A) Qara'a - he read - Iqra - Read!

Surah 96 Al-'Alaq, Verses 1-5
Read - Iqra - in the Name of your Rabb Who has Created,
Created Man from a clot!
Read and your Rabb is The Most Bountiful,
Who has Taught Man by the pen,
Taught Man what he knew not.

Surah 55 Ar-Rahman, Verses 1-4
Ar-Rahman - The Most Gracious
HE Taught Al-Qur'an
HE Created Man
HE Taught him distinctness

The constant Creativity of The All-Wise Creator is mentioned and contrasted with the lowly origins of Man, composed as he is of the most basic material elements. The above Ayaat also remind Man that he is endowed with the ability to acquire different categories of knowledge and preserve them by means of "the pen" - this quality manifests the All-Encompassing Power and All-Embracing Knowledge of The Sustainer, Who Is the True Teacher. Please see also 2:31 with reference to Adam (pbuh) being "Taught the names of all things"

Man's nature is complex - his multifaceted, multi-layered being enabling him to investigate and study all parts of the realms he inhabits. The Message proceeding from The Creator is multi-dimensional, appealing to and inviting Man's innate sense of curiosity:

1) The physical - the material plane, 30:20
2) The spiritual - the soul which remains unseen, 15:29
3) The intellectual - attempting to gain insight into the meaning/purpose of all he surveys, Reason interpreting every "thing" to him
4) The sensual - his senses conveying a thousand messages per second and his instinctive as well as considered responses to them
5) The emotional - striving after acknowledgement and acceptance, wishing to be understood and loved. Requiring companionship and needing - at profound level - to procreate, 2:35, 4:1, 25:54, 30:21

As Creation exists in fine balance, so too is Man required to attain balance within and outside of himself. Whenever imbalances occur - whatever may be their cause - their effects are devastating and catastrophic:

Surah 57 Al-Hadeed, Verse 25
Assuredly WE sent OUR Messengers with Evidence - Al-Bayyinaat - and WE sent down with them the Book - Al-Kitaab - and the Balance - Al-Mizaan - that the people might observe equity. And WE sent down iron - Al-Hadeed - in which is great violence and also advantages to Mankind, and that Allah may Know him who succours Allah in the Imperceptible Realm - Al-Ghayb - and HIS Messengers. Verily Allah is Strong, Mighty.

B) Kana - he/it was - Kun - Be!

Surah 2 Al-Baqarah, Verse 117
The Originator is HE of the heavens and the earth: and when HE Wills a thing to be, HE but Says to it, "BE!" and it Is - Kun Fa-Yakun.

Surah 6 Al-An'aam, Verse 73
It Is HE Who has Created the heavens and the earth in Truth. And the Day when HE Says: "BE!" it shall Become - Kun Fa-Yakun. HIS Saying is The Truth. HIS Will be the dominion the Day the Trumpet will be blown. Knower of the Unseen and the Seen. HE Is The Wise, The Aware.

Thus is Man reminded of the power of the Word: it creates, sustains, maintains, informs - it is the Light by which he sees and is seen. It represents the Truth which enables him to be creative, inventive and innovative in all fields of his endeavour. The Word is manifestly unfolding its meaning as each second moves forward in time and as space makes way for more new things.

C) Qaala - he said - Qul - Say!

Surah 113 Al-Falaq, Verses 1-5
Say - Qul - I seek refuge with the Lord of the daybreak,
From the evil of what HE has Created,
And from the evil of the darkening when it descends,
And from the evil of human beings bent upon occult endeavours,
And from the evil of the envious when he envies.

Surah 114 An-Naas, Verses 1-5
Say - Qul - I seek refuge with the Rabb of mankind.
The Soveriegn of mankind.
The God of mankind.
From the mischief of the sneaking whisperer,
Who whispers into the breasts of mankind.
From Al-Jinn and An-Naas.

Simply existing is not sufficient as a means of developing and growing in the individual and collective sense, which is why the Command to "Say!" relates to conveying the knowledge learned, imbibed, absorbed and recorded to humanity. For knowledge cannot be confined or limited to one human being or one nation - it is limitless in scope and extent. Each individual is granted a few pieces of a huge jigsaw puzzle - though some may be blessed with a great many more. When the differing pieces are presented and placed together, the jigsaw is no longer a puzzle - it becomes a tremendous canvas upon which the beautiful and splendid portrait of creation and creatures are brought to living reality - with things making "sense".

Since Man is composed of diverse patterns which enliven and awaken his essential nature, The Creator informs him that he - as well as those Beings which remain hidden from perception - were designed for a particular purpose:

Surah 51 Adh-Dhariyaat, Verses 56-58
And I have not Created Al-Jinn and Al-Ins except that they should worship ME. I Seek not any provision from them, nor do I Desire that they should feed ME. Verily Allah! HE Is The Provider, Owner of Power, The Firm.

Surah 18 Al-Kahf, Verses 7-8
Behold, WE have Willed that all beauty on earth be a means by which WE put men to a test (showing) which of them are best in conduct;
and, verily (in time) WE shall reduce all that is on it to barren dust!

Surah 20 Ta Ha, Verse 15
Behold, (although) I have Willed to keep it hidden, the Last Hour is bound to come, so that every human being may be recompensed in accordance with what he strove for (in life)

The myriad life-forms in and upon the earth, along with the infinity of physical matter in existence are not endowed with abilities and qualities which are comparable to Man's. Thus, material elements cannot, in and of themselves, fashion the spiritual or the intellectual, the emotional or the mental.

One is only able to attain true comprehension of the concept of Monotheism, as well as the meaning and purpose of Divine Revelations as such by observing and acknowledging the inherent unity underpinning all of creation.

The very purpose of Religion is to stress the dependancy of each thing upon another, whilst at the same time drawing Man's attention to the opposing and complementary forces evident in the Universe. As cause and effect undeniably exist they give rise to the recurrent cyclical motions of time, space, life and death, 30:19 As the different time-zones operate in and upon the earth and in all parts of the Universe, everything rotates, revolves and returns - the rising and falling, ascending and descending, awakening and resting, living and dying providing the endless standing, bowing, prostrating before The Almighty. HIS Laws mean that - whether willingly or unwillingly - every-one/thing submits to HIS Will.

The Message of unity is emphasised and elaborated upon in Al-Qur'an -
1) origins of humanity, 4:1, 49:13
2) unity of community in diversity, 30:22
3) unity of heart, mind, body and soul.
4) unity of experience in life and death.
5) unity of intention and action, and -
6) the Unity and Oneness of The Creator.

Surah 112 Al-Ikhlaas, Verse 1-4
Say - Qul - HE Is Allah, The One
Allah, The Independant
HE begets not, nor was HE begotten
And never has there been anyone co-equal with HIM.

There is no duality attaching to The Creator, therefore. HE Is One in HIS Will, Word, Way and Attributes. These cannot be detached or separated from one another - either consciously or sub-consciously - in thought, belief, practice or mode of worship without ascribing partners or offspring to Allah SWT, or associating with HIM all manner of strange mysteries, curiosities and intrigues.

Though Allah SWT has chosen to remain in the Realm beyond perception - Al-Ghayb - HIS Infinitely and Eternally Beautiful Attributes Manifest HIS Presence in unceasing and increasing Ways. Allah SWT Reminds Man, therefore, that HE Is both Az-Zahir - The Visible - as well as Al-Batin - The Invisible, 57:3 . Here, nothing existing on the material plane ought to be confused or compared with a state and form of Being far above and beyond the comprehension of Man.

Surah 6 Al-An'aam, Verse 103
No human vision can encompass HIM, whereas HE encompasses all human vision: HE Is The Subtle, The Aware.

Therefore, Al-Qur'an and Revelation as such is designated to those who accept the fundamental premise of a World which cannot be glimpsed or discerned by the senses. The world of physical matter constitutes an aspect of the Truth, but this is neither complete nor entirely visible. Appearance is employed as a garment whose purpose is to both conceal and yet lead to the ultimate Reality. The Realm of that which is Perceptible proceeds from that which is Imperceptible - all things emerge from the latter and enter it once more after having existed for a relatively brief time in the former. All states, phases, and levels of existence are endured by the living - it is a journey through the corridors of light and dark.

Surah 2 Al-Baqarah, Verses 2-5
This Book wherof there is no doubt, is a Guidance for those conscious of Allah, Who believe in Al-Ghayb - The Realm beyond perception - and establish prayer, and of what WE have provided them expend; And who believe in what has been sent down to you, and in what has been sent down before you, and of the Hereafter they are convinced. They are on Guidance from their Lord, and these are the blissful ones.

One of the aspects of Al-Qur'an which has confounded believers and unbelievers alike for many a generation, is the manner in which a number of Chapters open - with some letters of the Arabic alphabet. For instance, Surah 2 is introduced with Alif Lam Meem ; Surah 10 with Alif Lam Ra ; Surah 19 with Kaf, Ha, Ya 'Ayn, Sad ; Surah 20 with Ta Ha (which represents its first Verse) and so on. Certainly, when read or recited they form a kind of melody, creating echoes within the heart and sending vibrations through to the soul. This sound system operates on a different plane to the mechanisms of sight - but together they form the unity of outer and inner worlds. The effects of these sensations reverberate throughout the being of the believer, creating movement which give rise to a heightened sense of awareness - perhaps the true impact of the sounds thus manifested outwardly and inwardly may never be entirely known or understood. Indeed, none truly comprehends the real secrets and meanings of these letter symbols except Allah SWT.

Allah SWT's Creativity, Power, Strength, Might, Firmness, Design, Knowledge, Light, Generosity, Wisdom are apparent in their effects - in every dimension - as are HIS Grace and Mercy . And it is the latter two Qualities which introduce each and every Chapter in Al-Qur'an with the sole exception of Surah 9, At-Tawbah . Allah SWT's abounding Grace is evident in and upon all of the Universe, whilst the bestowal of HIS Mercy both Provides and Inspires love. Plz see 6:12,54; 17:110; 19:96; 57:1-6 . Allah SWT is Present and never Absent, Ever Near and Always Close, 2:186; 50:16

The essential purpose of Al-Qur'an is to remind Man of the Existence of HIS Creator, of the meaning of his life and ultimate destiny, and of the best means of attaining peace both in this and in the next Realm. However, Al-Kitaab must be comprehended within the context of Man's history, religious as well as intellectual. Preceding the Final Testament from The Creator were Scriptures containing the same fundamental Truths.

The spiritual and intellectual centre of Judaism, Christianity and Al-Islam is Arabia , since it is in that region - the heart-shaped heart of the Earth - where all the Prophets lived and preached. Al-Qur'an continues, confirms, corrects and concludes the Earlier Scriptures, comprising the Torah, Psalms of David and the Gospels . The Books of Divine Wisdom were revealed in Hebrew, Aramaic and Arabic . All three are Semitic and were derived from one single language .

Surah 3 Al-'Imraan, Verses 3-4
HE has Revealed the Book to you with Truth confirming what went before it and HE sent down the Torah and the Gospel.
Aforetime, for a Guidance to Man and sent down the Criterion - Al-Furqaan. Surely those who deny the Signs of Allah, for them shall be a terrible torment. And Allah is Mighty, Lord of Retribution.

Thus, Al-Qur'an informs those who become aware of its contents that it is by no means ushering in a new belief system or an utter departure and break from the historical past. Rather, it employs Man's religious experiences by drawing attention to the unity of intent and purpose underpinning each Message and Messenger.

Surah 2 Al-Baqarah, Verse 285
The Messenger believes in what is sent down to him from his Rabb, and so do the Believers. They all believe in Allah and HIS Angels and HIS Books and HIS Messengers, saying: "We discriminate not against any of HIS Messengers." And they say: "We hear and obey; grant us YOUR Forgiveness our Rabb! And to YOU is our return.

An important aspect of the Abrahamic Faiths must be borne in mind in order to better understand their close relationship to one another. The essential Message with which all the Prophets were entrusted remains unchanging -

Surah 42 Ash-Shura, Verse 13
HE has Ordained for you in Religion what HE had Enjoined upon Noah and what WE have Revealed to you, and what WE had Enjoined upon Abraham and Moses and Jesus, saying: Establish the Religion - Ad-Din - and be not divided in it. Grevious to the polytheists is that to which you call them. Allah chooses for HIMSELF Whom HE Wills, and Allah Guides to HIMSELF him who turns in penitence

Judaism is derived from the name Judah , who was the fourth son of Jacob (ie., Israel )
Abraham (pbut) from whom the Jews claim descent is described in Al-Qur'an as "Haneef" - 2:135 . That is -
"one who scorns the false creeds surrounding him and professes the True Religion"

Thus, the religion of Abraham is: Al-Hanafeeyah, The True Religion - 2:128,  wherein he prays to Allah SWT for a Messenger to be sent to the people inhabiting the regions in and around Mecca.

Similarly, Moses (pbuh) declared the advent of a Messenger "like him" to his compatriots -

Deuteronomy xviii,15 -
In the words of Moses,

"The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him shall ye hearken."

Deuteronomy xviii,18 -
In the words of Allah SWT,

"I will raise them up a prophet from among thy brethren, like unto thee, and will put MY Words in his mouth."

The followers of 'Isa (pbuh) are referred to in Al-Qur'an as An-Nasaara. Christianity has its origins in the Greek word Christos , which means "annointed" Jesus' (pbuh) actual name is derived from the Hebrew "Joshua" He too informed his followers of an Apostle to be sent after him -

St.John, 16:7
"Nevertheless, I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I not go away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.."

St.John, 16:13
"..How be it when he, the Spirit of Truth, is come, he will guide you unto all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will show you things to come.."

As the last in a long line of Hebrew Prophets , Jesus was entrusted with the task of -
a) confirming the Torah, 3:50
b) of lightening the burden of Laws imposed upon his co-religionists, 3:50
c) to inform them of a Messenger named Ahmed to be sent after him, 61:6
d) In addition he, along with his mother, Mary (pbuh) are described as "Signs" for all peoples - 21:91

Al-Islam is not person or place specific, it is a noun which both defines and encompasses the meaning of real belief in the One God - submission through attainment of peace, or peace attained through submission.

Surah 5 Al-Maa'idah, Verse 3
..This day have I perfected your Religion for you and have completed my Favour upon you and have chosen for you Al-Islam as your Religion..

Surah 6 Al-An'aam, Verse 114
Perfected is the Word of your Lord in veracity and justice, and none can change HIS Word. And HE Is The Hearer, The Knower.

Al-Qur'an specifically states that its Messages are accessible to those who think and reflect because it is a Discourse whose aim and intent is clear and evident. A Revelation from The One Who Grants insight into that which is beneficial and thus essential for Man in both the individual as well as collective sense. Only those passages may not be entirely comprehended which relate Realms beyond the Perceptible - the Visible is employed to explain aspects of the Invisible.

Surah 3 Al-'Imran, Verse 7
HE It Is WHO has bestowed upon you from on high Al-Kitaab, containing Messages that are clear in and by themselves - and these are the essence of Al-Kitaab - as well as others that are allegorical. Now those whose hearts are given to swerving from the Truth go after that part of the Divine Writ which has been expressed in allegory, seeking out (what is bound to create) confusion, and seeking (to arrive at) its final meaning (in an arbitrary manner) but none save Allah knows its final meaning. Hence, those who are deeply rooted in Knowledge say: We believe in it; the whole (of the Divine Writ) is from our Sustainer - albeit none takes this to heart save those who are endowed with Insight.

Surah 12 Yusuf, Verses 1-2
These are Messages of Al-Kitaab clear in itself and clearly showing the Truth:
behold, WE have bestowed it from on high as a Discourse in the Arabic tongue, so that you might encompass it with your Reason.

Verse 111
Indeed, in the stories of these men (the Prophets) there is a lesson for those who are endowed with Insight.
(As for this Revelation) it could not possibly be a Discourse invented (by man) Nay indeed, it is a (Divine Writ) confirming the Truth of whatever there still remains (of Earlier Revelations) clearly spelling out everything, and a Guidance and a Mercy to people who will believe.

Surah 27 An-Naml, Verse 1
These are Messages of Al-Qur'an - a Divine Writ clear in itself and clearly showing the Truth.

Surah 28 Al-Qasas, Verse 1
These are Messages of Al-Kitaab clear in itself and clearly showing the Truth.

Surah 47 Muhammad, Verse 24
Do they not then think deeply (about) Al-Qur'an, or are their hearts locked up?

Surah 68 Al-Qamar, Verse 40
And indeed, WE have made Al-Qur'an easy to understand and remember; then is there any that will remember?

Al-Qur'an is: Al-Furqaan, The Criterion which enables Man to distinguish and differentiate between true and false; good and bad; right and wrong. Plz see 25:1

Al-Qur'an is: Ahsan Al-Hadeeth, the Most Excellent Discourse, a Book consistent within and repeating Truths in diverse forms. Plz see 39:23

Al-Qur'an is: Al-Kitaab Al-Mubeen, a self-evident Book whose purpose and meaning are clear. Plz see 27:1, 28:1

Over the course of time many great minds have applied themselves to Al-Qur'an - seeking its inner mysteries, exploring all facets of it. So fascinated is Man with this Book that even hostile and unfriendly critics of Al-Islam find it impossible to ignore - striving to disprove its authenticity. Thus is the Power of the Word manifest - none are able to resist its force and impact. The only means by which real understanding may be attained into the Word of Allah SWT is by seeking to comprehend it in the way HE Alone Intended/Intends.

Surah 7 Al-Ar'aaf, Verse 2
This is a Book sent down to you; so let there be no straitness in your breast therefor; that you may warn, and this is an admonition to the Faithful.

Verse 204
So when Al-Qur'an is recited, listen to it and keep silence; haply you may be shown mercy.

Surah 31 Luqman, Verses 2-4
These are Verses of the Wise Book - Al-Kitaab Al-Hakeem.
A Guidance and a Mercy for the well-doers - Al-Muhsinun
Those who establish As-Salaat and pay Zakaat and are convinced of the Hereafter.

Surah 36 Ya Seen, Verses 2-7
By Al-Qur'an Al-Hakeem
Verily, you are one of the Messengers
Upon the Straight Path
This is a Revelation of the Almighty, Most Merciful,
That you may warn a people whose fathers were not warned, so they are neglectful.
Assuredly The Word has been justified against most of them, so they shall not believe.

Surah 39 Az-Zumar, Verse 27
And assuredly WE have propounded in Al-Qur'an every manner of similitudes for Man, that haply they may be admonished.

Surah 18 Al-Kahf, Verse 109
Say - Qul - "If all the sea were ink for my Sustainer's Words, the sea would indeed be exhausted before my Sustainer's Words are exhausted!" And (thus it would be) if WE were to add to it sea upon sea.

Surah 31 Luqman, Verse 27
And if all the trees on earth were pens, and the sea (were) ink, with seven (more) seas yet added to it, the Words of Allah would not be exhausted: for, verily, Allah is Almighty, The Wise.

Surah 28 Al-Qasas, Verse 88
There is no deity save HIM. Everything is bound to perish except HIS (Eternal) Self. With HIM rests all Judgment; and to HIM shall you all be brought back.

Allahu 'Alam

Translations from:
"The Message of The Qur'an" by Muhammad Asad 
"The Glorious Qur'an" by 'Abdul Majid Daryabadi

Dictionary Definitions from:
"A Dictionary Of Modern Written Arabic" By Hans Wehr, Edited by J. Milton Cowan.

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